It's no surprise that the sharing economy is eating into hotels' market share. Exactly how big a bite it's taking, however, has so far been unclear. Until now, that is: CBRE Hotels, the hospitality advisory group of commercial real estate services firm CBRE Group Inc., has developed a new "Airbnb Competition Index" quantifying the impact of home-sharing website Airbnb on traditional lodging, it announced this week.
Between October 2014 and September 2015, CBRE Hotels studied Airbnb's presence in key markets throughout the United States and determined that the company is growing at a rapid pace, with users spending $2.4 billion on lodging in the United States over the past year. More than 55 percent of that was spent in only five U.S. cities: New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Miami, and Boston. In those markets, especially, CBRE Hotels asserts, Airbnb represents "a significant portion of the lodging revenues."
"It seems reasonable that Airbnb will impact hotels in two ways," said R. Mark Woodworth, senior managing director of CBRE Hotels. "For existing hotels, the growth of average daily rates will most likely be curtailed. The fluid nature of Airbnb's supply suggests that traditional hotel's historic price premiums realized during peak demand periods will be mitigated. The other impact may be on new hotel construction. Airbnb may be an impediment to traditional hotel construction and could reduce traditional hotel supply growth in many markets."
To help the lodging industry assess the threat Airbnb represents in various local markets, CBRE Hotels created the Airbnb Competition Index, which rates markets on a 100-point scale based on a comparison of Airbnb's average daily room rates (ADR) to traditional hotel ADRs, the scale of the active Airbnb inventory in a market to the supply of traditional hotels, and the overall growth of active Airbnb supply in the market.
According to the index, New York is the No. 1 domestic market at risk from the growth of Airbnb, with an Airbnb Competition Index of 81.4. Ranking second, third, fourth, and fifth, respectively, are San Francisco (50.4), Miami (48.4), Oakland (48), and Oahu (46.1).
"By comparing hotel revenue per available room to the number of active Airbnb units in a particular location, it appears that hosts respond to market incentives, such as a higher room rental rate and excess demand. The presence of these factors causes more Airbnb units to appear in the market," said Jamie Lane, senior economist of CBRE Hotels. "This holds true at the macro level, where markets with higher ADRs and occupancy have the highest number of active Airbnb units, and on the micro level, where we see a spike in the number of active Airbnb units during major events such as the Super Bowl and New Year's Eve."
CBRE's full study, including index results for the country's 15 most Airbnb-competitive cities, is available on the company's website
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